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Overall strategies for parasite prevention in travelling and imported pets
In addition to giving pet owners parasite prevention advice while travelling abroad, Veterinary professionals should.
· Treat imported and travelled dogs for tapeworm – Dogs should be treated for E.multilocularis with praziquantel within a month of arrival from E.multilocularis endemic countries. There is a legal requirement in Finland and Norway.
· Check pets for ticks on arrival from other countries – Check- ing for ticks and identifying them is vital to limit spread but also to identify possible exposure to tick-borne disease abroad.
· Be aware of relevant clinical signs in travelled and imported pets – Clinical signs should be cross checked against parasitic diseases endemic in visited countries or the country of origin.
· Screen for exotic disease – imported pets should be screened for Leishmania and tick-borne diseases so if clinical disease devel- ops it can be detected early and so exposure to endemic vectors can be limited.
References
Atkins C (1999). The diagnosis of feline heartworm infection. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 35: 185–7
Fourie JJ, Stanneck D, Luusa HG, Beugnet F, Wijnveld M et al (2013). Transmission of Ehrlichia canis by Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks feeding on dogs and on arti cial membranes. Veterinary Parasitology 197:595-603
Geisweid K, Weber K, Sauter-Louis C & Hartmann K (2013). Evaluation of a conjunctival swab polymerase chain reaction for the detection of Leishmania infantum in dogs in a non-endemic area. Veterinary Journal 198: 187-92
Gjerde B (2013) Phylogenetic position of Linguatula arctica and Linguatula serrata (Pentastomida) as inferred from the nuclear 18S rRNA gene and the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene. Parasitology Research 112: 3517-25
Koehsler M, Walochnik J, Georgopoulos M, Pruente C, Boeckeler W et al (2011) Linguatula serrata tongue worm in human eye, Austria. Emerging Infectious Diseases 17:870-872.
Lloyd S (2011) Fly-borne parasitic disease: risk for the travelling pet. The Veterinary Nurse 2: 295-301.
Morgan E (2016) Risks from emerging parasitic zoonoses in companion animals Companion Animal 21: 218-223.
Vatne L (2014). Heartworm infection caused by Diro laria immitis in a dog imported to Norway. Norsk Veterinærtidsskrift 126: 615-20
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