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annual physical exam and health screening, including serum biochemistry (with T4), hematology and urinalysis pro les. While blood work and urinalysis results will give you a general overview of the animal’s health status,
it will not pick-out speci c de ciencies or excesses.
A complete diet history (all foods and supplements) should be collected from the owner at each visit. Any home-prepared diet recipes should be obtained from a reputable, trained source. Additional resources, including a list of Board-certi ed Veterinary Nutritionists, can
be found through the American College of Veterinary Nutrition (
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3. Wake eld LA, et al. Evaluation of cats fed vegetarian diets and attitudes of their caregivers. JAVMA 2006; 229:70-3.
4. Billinghurst I. Give your dog a bone. The practical and common sense way to feed your dog. Alexandria (Australia): Bridge Printery; 1993.
5. Schultze KR. The ultimate diet. Descanso (CA): Affenbar Ink; 1998.
6. Vester BM, et al. In uence of Feeding Raw or Extruded Feline Diets on Nutrient Digestibility and Nitrogen Metabolism of African Wildcats (Felis lybica). Zoo Biology 2010;29:676–86.
7. Joffe DJ and Schlesinger DP. Preliminary assessment of the risk of Salmonella infection in dogs fed raw chicken diets. Can Vet J 2002; 43:441-2.
8. Strohmeyer RA, et al. Evaluation of bacterial and protozoal contamination of commercially available raw meat diets for dogs. JAVMA 2006; 228(4):537-42.
9. Weese JS, et al. Bacteriological evaluation of commercial canine and feline raw diets. Can Vet J 2005; 46:513-6.
10. Lejeune JT and Hancock DD. Public health concerns associated with feeding raw meat diets to dogs. JAVMA 2001; 219(9):1222-5.
11. Frowde PE, et al. Oesophageal disease in 33 cats. J Fel Med Surg 2011; 13:564-596.
12. Thompson HC, et al. Esophageal foreign bodies in dogs: 34 cases (2004- 2009). JVECCS 2012; 22:253-61.
13. Delay J and Laing J. Nutritional osteodystrophy in puppies fed a BARF diet. AHL Newsletter. 2002; 6(2):23.
14. Gray CM, et al. Nutritional adequacy of two vegan diets for cats, JAVMA 2004; 225(11):1670-5.
15. Lauten SD, et al. Computer analysis of nutrient suf ciency of published home- cooked diets for dogs and cats [abstract]. JVIM 2005; 19:476-7.
16. Freeman LM and Michel KE. Evaluation of raw food diets for dogs. JAVMA 2001; 218(5):705-9.
17. Larsen JA, et al. Evaluation of recipes for home-prepared diets for dogs and cats with chronic kidney disease. JAVMA 2012; 240:532-8.
18. Heinze CR, et al. Assessment of commercial diets and recipes for home- prepared diets recommended for dogs with cancer. JAVMA 2012; 241:1453-60.
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