Page 266 - ONLINE PROCEEDING BOOK WSAVA 2017
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An Urban Experience
although overusage may result in signi cant atrophy. Alternately, focal lesions may respond to topical tacrolimus applied once daily to every other day. In persistent, chronic or refractory cases, adjunctive immunosuppressive therapy may be required. These drugs may include cyclosporine, azathioprine, chlorambucil, dapsone, and sulfasalazine.
Table 1: Conditions known or suspected to cause vasculitis / vasculopathies in small animals
Drugs
Bacterial / Fungal
Viral
Rickettsial / protozoal
Miscellaneous
Vaccines
S. aureus
FIP
RMSF
Paraneoplastic
Allergen immunotherapy
S. (pseud)intermedius
Circovirus (dogs?)
Ehrlichia
Adverse food reaction
Itraconazole
E. coli verotoxin
Anaplasma
Insect bite
Fenbendazole
Bartonella
Borrelia
SLE, DLE and rheumatoid arthritis
Cimetidine
A. baumanii
Toxoplasma
Genetic / familal
Carbamazole
Histoplasma
Babesia
Photoaggravated/solar
Meloxicam
Atopic dermatitis?
Human serum albumin
Atherosclerosis and hypercholesterolemia
Cephalexin
Idiopathic
+/- Firocoxib, Deracoxib
Numerous others
Selected references:
1. Innera M. Cutaneous vasculitis in small animals. The Veterinary clinics of North America Small animal practice. 2013;43(1):113-34.
2. Nichols PR, Morris DO, Beale KM. A retrospective study of canine and feline cutaneous vasculitis. Vet Dermatol. 2001;12(5):255-64.
3. Francis AH, Martin LG, Haldorson GJ, Lahmers KK, Luther TY, Alperin DC, et al. Adverse reactions suggestive of type III hypersensitivity in six healthy dogs given human albumin. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2007;230(6):873-9.
4. Morris DO. Ischemic dermatopathies. The Veterinary clinics of North America Small animal practice. 2013;43(1):99-111.
5. Vitale CB, Gross TL, Magro CM. Vaccine-induced ischemic dermatopathy in the dog. Vet Dermatol. 1999;10:131-42.
6. Langford CA. Vasculitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;125(2 Suppl 2):S216- 25.
42ND WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND FECAVA 23RD EUROCONGRESS


































































































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