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An Urban Experience
 Figure 7. Recent information on the role of interleukin-31 (IL-31) in dogs with atopic dermatitis, led to development of a caninized anti-cIL-31 monoclonal antibody (Cytopointâ). Whereas Apoquelâ works by binding and blocking the JAK after the cytokines bind the receptor, Cytopointâ neutralizes only the IL-31 cytokine before binding to the receptor.
Allergy Testing and Immunotherapy
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT) is a treatment for AD in dogs and cats wherein
extracts of allergens to which the patient is sensitive are injected or administered orally, in gradually increasing amounts, to lessen or reverse the hypersensitivity state (Figure 8). Allergy testing, either intradermal or allergen- specific IgE serology, is used as a prelude to ASIT. Allergy tests do not answer the question “Is this pruritic patient atopic?” because some normal and nonatopic patients also have positive test results. In addition, a small percentage of dogs diagnosed with atopic dermatitis have no measurable increase in allergen-specific IgE. This is referred to as “intrinsic” AD.
Figure 8. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT) is a treatment for AD in dogs and cats wherein extracts of allergens to which the patient
is sensitive are injected or administered orally, in gradually increasing amounts, to lessen or reverse the hypersensitivity state. Intradermal or allergen-specific IgE allergy testing precedes ASIT.
Allergy tests are useful in those patients where a
diagnosis of AD has been made by ruling out other causes of pruritus and, therefore, are candidates
for ASIT. This is the only treatment that may reverse part of the underlying pathogenesis of the disease. Immunotherapy is thought to normalize the immune response by increased production of T regulatory cells and anti-inflammatory cytokines that reduce the Th2 inflammatory cascade. The chief disadvantages are that it takes several months or more to begin working and that only 60% to 70% of dogs experience a “good-to-excellent” response (defined as at least 50% improvement in clinical signs) after 1 year of treatment.
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 42ND WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND FECAVA 23RD EUROCONGRESS
  


































































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