Page 466 - WSAVA2017
P. 466

466
An Urban Experience
dogs. Mortality is < 2% for dogs and approximately 6% in cats. Dysuria is uncommon occurring in < 2% of dogs and cats. Re-occlusion may occur in approximately 20% of patients especially cats. The advantage of SUB is that the ureteral obstruction is circumvented and additional clinical signs do not usually occur. Disadvantages include requirement of surgical placement and flushing of the SUB to prevent occlusion from small uroliths or encrustation.
Ureteral ileal graft. Recently, resection of an obstructed ureter and replacement with a vascularized ileal graft was described in a cat with ureteral obstruction and progressive renal azotemia.
Renal transplantation.(8) A retrospective study of 19 cats with renal failure associated with calcium oxalate urolithiasis has been published. There were 13 females and 7 males; all cats were azotemic and 17 were anemic. Hypercalcemia was present in 7 cats. Mean duration of survival in all cats was 605 days; 8 cats were alive 282-1,005 days (median = 1,305 days), 11 cats died 2-1,197 days (median = 300 days), and 5 cats formed uroliths in their allograft kidney. Of these cats, 2 were hypercalcemic and 4 died following complications associated with urolith formation.
REFERENCES
1. Lulich JP, Berent AC, Adams LG, Westropp JL, Bartges JW, Osborne CA. ACVIM Small Animal Consensus Recommendations on the Treatment and Prevention of Uroliths in Dogs and Cats. J Vet Intern Med. 2016;30(5):1564-74.
2. Langston C. Hemodialysis. In: Bartges J, Polzin DJ, editors. Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals. West Sussex UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011. p. 255-85.
3. Labato MA. Peritoneal dialysis. In: Bartges J, Polzin DJ, editors. Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals. West Sussex UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011. p. 293- 305.
4. Kyles AE, Hardie EM, Wooden BG, Adin CA, Stone EA, Gregory CR, et al. Management and outcome of cats with ureteral calculi: 153 cases (1984-2002). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005;226(6):937-44.
5. Adams LG, goldman CK. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. In: Bartges JW, Polzin dJ, editors. Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals. Ames: Wiley- Blackwell; 2011. p. 340-48.
6. Berent A. Indwelling urinary catheters and stents. In: Bartges JW, Polzin DJ, editors. Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals. Ames: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011. p. 329-39.
7. Berent AC. Interventional Urology: Endourology in Small Animal Veterinary Medicine. Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2015;45(4):825-55.
8. Adin CA. Renal transplantation. In: Bartges J, Polzin DJ, editors. Nephrology and Urology of Small Animals. West Sussex UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011. p. 306- 28.
 42ND WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND FECAVA 23RD EUROCONGRESS
  



















































































   464   465   466   467   468