Page 698 - ONLINE PROCEEDING BOOK WSAVA 2017
P. 698

An Urban Experience
WSVA7-0085
ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE, HOMEOPATHY AND ACUPUNCTURE
INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES IN THE CONTROL OF RABIES IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA
J. Aiyedun1, J. Aiyedun1, R. Nwoha2
1University of Ilorin- Ilorin, department of veterinary public health and preventive medicine, Ilorin, Nigeria 2Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture, department of veterinary medicine, Umudike, Nigeria
Introduction
Ethno veterinary medical practice in the control of rabies in Nigeria is of age. These knowledge systems do not only re ect the people’s health values and needs but also their socio-economic status.
WSVA7-0159 ANESTHESIA
EVALUATION OF THE SEDATIVE, HEMODYNAMIC AND ANTINOSISEPTIVE EFFECTS OF INTRANASAL TRANSMUCOSAL DEXMEDETOMIDINE IN CATS
Z. Pekcan1, A. Kumandas1, B. Karsli1, B. Kurum1, E. Elma1
1Kirikkale University School of Medicine, Veterinary Surgery, Kirikkale, Turkey
Introduction
Mucosal administration is an alternative way of α-2 agonists such as dexmedetomidine. Because of the bad taste of the drug, hypersalivation can occur after oral administration and this changes the rate of absorbtion.
Objectives
To evaluate the sedative, haemodynamic and antinosiseptive effects of dexmedetomidine after intranasal transmucosal administration with two different dosage in cats.
Methods
Twelve adult healthy cats were assigned to receive 40 and 75 mg/kg dexmedetomidine with two weeks periods. Sedation and analgesia scores, heart rates, systolic blood pressures and body temperatures were assessed before and at 0., 15., 30., 45., 60., 75., 90., 105., 120., 150., 180. minutes after intranazal transmucosal administration. Adverse effects were also recorded.
Results
Sedation and analgesia were apparent within 8 (3-12) minutes in 75 mg/kg group and 13 (3-18) minutes in 40 mg/kg group. The duration of the sedation score and recovery time were signi cantly longer after 75 mg/kg administration. Analgesia score were higher in the 75 mg/kg group and it was statistically signi cant at 15.,
30. and 90. minutes. Within each treatment group heart rate was signi cantly lower after premedication and the differences between groups were statistically signi cant at 150. and 180. minutes. Within each treatment group systolic arterial blood pressure was signi cantly higher after premedication and the differences between groups were statistically signi cant at 15., 60., 75. and 90. minutes. Commonly observed side effects were salivation and vomiting (%79).
Conclusions
Intranasal transmucosal route of administration could be considered as an alternative method for a sedative and analgesic drugs such as dexmedetomidine.
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Objectives
This study was carried out to access the indigenous and practical knowledge about rabies control in North central, Nigeria
Methods
Using the combination of literature review, focus group discussion and in-depth interview, information was obtained from 246 adults aged 30-60 years (78% male, 22% female).
Results
All the respondents were aware that rabies could be transmitted through dog bite, they were all conversant with the local name in vernacular Digbolugi and they were aware of the furious form of rabies. Sixty  ve percent of the respondents keep dogs for hunting and security while the remaining 35% do not keep dogs. Local farmers and hunters who kept dogs claimed that rabid dogs and their human victims are curable with local herbs such as Apa - asa, Imi- esu, Goat weeds, Raw walnut, Fresh okro and materials such as Adin- eyan, Salt, Cobra intestine, Dog’s blood, Dog’s hair, Aporo epa ijebu which were either applied topically on the wound or taken orally by the victim immediately after the bite. All the respondents claimed that all the local remedies are ef cacious although these are still subject to investigation.
Conclusions
It is important for indigenous people to be properly educated about rabies, make available their claimed remedies for scienti c authentication and transfer the indigenous knowledge to others if proven effective
42ND WORLD SMALL ANIMAL VETERINARY ASSOCIATION CONGRESS AND FECAVA 23RD EUROCONGRESS


































































































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