Page 741 - ONLINE PROCEEDING BOOK WSAVA 2017
P. 741

WSVA7-0263 FELINE MEDICINE
CLINICAL AND LABORATORY CHANGES IN DOMESTIC CATS WITH HEPATIC LIPIDOSIS.
A. Melchert1, F.B.D. Souza1, S.B.D.S. Bete1, P.T.C. Guimarães-Okamoto1
1School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science - São Paulo State University UNESP, Department of Veterinary Clinics, Botucatu, Brazil
Introduction
The liver disease has been common occurrence in domestic cats. Hepatic lipidosis is the main disease affecting the liver in this species. It is caused by accumulation of fat in liver cells, and may be triggered after fasting periods in cats.
Objectives
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical signs and laboratory changes in domestic cats diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis from Botucatu city, São Paulo (SP) state, Brazil.
WSVA7-0265 FELINE MEDICINE
FEEDING PROFILE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL IN THE OBESE CATS FROM BOTUCATU CITY, SÃO PAULO STATE, BRAZIL.
A. Melchert1, F.B.D. Souza1, P.T.C. Guimarães-Okamoto1, D.V. Golino1, N.V. Gonçalves1, E.O.D. Souza1
1School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science - São Paulo State University UNESP, Department of Veterinary Clinics, Botucatu, Brazil
Introduction
Obese cats tend to have a sedentary and inactive lifestyle, with ad libitum food supply. Studies have shown that management differs between owners of cats with adequate weight and obese animals.
Objectives
The aim of this study was to characterize the feeding and physical activity pro le of obese cats in Botucatu city, São Paulo state, Brazil.
Methods
A questionnaire was conducted with the tutors of 18 obese cats (body condition score of 8-9/9).
Results
All cats received commercial dry food, and in only 22.2% the daily amount was controlled. In relation to canned commercial food: 11.1% received daily; 16.7% weekly; 16.7% sporadically; and 55.6% did not receive. Foods for human consumption were also reported: 5.6% offered to the cat a little of everything that eats daily; 16.7% milk, fruit, meat, ham and sausages weekly; and 11.1% offered homemade food sporadically. Veterinary snacks were offered sporadically to 27.8% of the cats.
In the evaluation of physical activity, 83.3% of the cats performed without stimulus and 11.1% with stimuli of the tutors. Only one cat (5.6%) did not perform daily physical activity. 33.3% of the tutors did not know how much time the cat spends with physical activity daily; 44.4% of the cats for less than 20 minutes; and only 17.6% more than 20 minutes.
Conclusions
The feeding management of obese cats shows the lack of control of the quantity and quality of food offered. It is necessary to stimulate the physical activity in these animals by means of jokes and increase its duration.
Methods
Medical records of cats treated between 2012 to 2016 were evaluated. Were evaluated age, gender, most prevalent clinical signs, mainly hematological and biochemical changes.
Results
In the period there was 124 cats with liver disease, and 66.1% (n=82) were diagnosed with hepatic lipidosis. The average age was 8.2±4.3 years in females and 7.8±4.4 in male cats. The mainly clinical signs were jaundice (56.2%), vomiting (54.6%), anorexia (52.1%), lethargy (50.4%)
and hyporexia (35.5%). Reduction of red blood cell
count in 10 (13.5%) and the increase in leukocyte count in 14 cats (18.9%) were the most frequent alterations. Fluctuations in renal function were observed: urea increased in 31.1% and decreased in 43.2%; creatinine increased in 18.9% and decreased in 14.9% of the cats. Liver function showed a predominant increase in enzyme pro le. Increased in alanine aminotransferase (48.7%), aspartate aminotransferase (48.7%), alkaline phosphatase (78.4%) and gamma-glutamyltranspetidase (54.1%) were observed. Increase in total serum protein (23%), serum albumin (17.6%) and serum globulin (18.9%) occurred.
Conclusions
Hepatic lipidosis is the major liver disease in cats. The knowledge of epidemiology, clinical signs, hematological and biochemical changes is important.
An Urban Experience
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